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Population Growth Remains Below Historical Norm

After falling sharply from 2006 through 2009 due to the long and deep economic recession and the implementation of the employer sanctions law, numeric population gains in Arizona were largely steady in 2010 and 2011 at very low levels. A rebound began in 2012, though numeric gains remains historically low. This chart displays the annual population estimates of the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Census Bureau and the Arizona Department of Administration’s Office of Employment and Population Statistics.


Arizona’s Demographics

“Demographics” is defined as the statistical data of a human population. Though sometimes interpreted narrowly to focus on “vital” statistics such as births and deaths, demographics usually is construed to include a broad range of indicators. The U.S. Census Bureau, for example, divided its “demographic profiles” from the 2000 census into four parts:

  • General characteristics, such as sex, age, and race/ethnicity.
  • Social characteristics, including educational enrollment and attainment, marital status, disability status, and migration.
  • Economic characteristics, including employment status, occupation, industry, income, and poverty.
  • Housing characteristics, such as age of housing, housing value, and physical attributes.

The demographic indicators presented on the Arizona Indicators website fall into one of two categories:

  • Statistics that are reported as part of the decennial census or American Community Survey (ACS). Since the standard tables from the ACS number in the hundreds, only a fraction of these are included in Arizona Indicators.
  • Estimates of the overall population, including the components of population change — births, deaths, and net migration — and symptomatic indicators of the size or change in the population, such as school enrollment.