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Every 10 years as of April 1, the U.S. Census Bureau conducts a census of the nation’s housing units. The housing units are specified as being occupied or vacant. For occupied units, the decennial census questionnaire sent to households asked respondents whether the unit was rented or occupied by the owner.

The homeownership figures are presented on Arizona Indicators for the United States, Arizona, and the 15 Arizona counties, with the focus on the 2010 rate and the change in the rate from 2000 to 2010. Additional data, for example for smaller geographic areas and for earlier censuses, are available from the Census Bureau.

Data Source: 

U. S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau. For 2010 data: For 2000 data:

Data Quality Comments: 

The decennial census is intended to count all housing units. However, some units are missed. Homeownership is calculated based on occupied housing units, not all housing units.

iconPercentage of Occupied Housing Units Occupied by Owner, 2010

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Visualization Notes:

Nearly two-thirds of the occupied housing units in Arizona in 2010 were occupied by the owner, a percentage slightly higher than the national average. Other than Greenlee County, Arizona’s least populous, the percentage ranged from 61 to 77 percent across Arizona’s counties. The two most populous counties—Maricopa and Pima—had among the lower rates, but rapidly developing Pinal County had one of the highest rates.

iconPercentage of Owner Occupied Housing Units, Change, 2000 to 2010

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Visualization Notes:

The share of the occupied housing units in Arizona in 2010 that were occupied by the owner was 2 percentage points less than in 2000, a result of the large number of foreclosures that have occurred during the real estate bust. The national homeownership rate fell 1.1 percentage points.

However, the homeownership rate rose in two Arizona counties and fell less than 1 percentage point in five counties, including Pima (the Tucson metro area). Maricopa County (most of the metro Phoenix area) had among the largest declines in homeownership rate.